Large leaf weeds

 

Large leaf garden weeds are easy to spot but difficult to eradicate. The form and texture of the leaves aid in their identification. Because they have deep roots, large leaf weeds are usually strong weeds. As a result, eradicating them will take a lot of time and work.

Here are several common garden weeds with big leaves. The descriptions and photographs of the plants will undoubtedly assist you in quickly identifying them. We’ve compiled a list of each weed’s eradication methods for your convenience.

 

Table of Contents

Common Burdock

Broadleaf plantain

Pokeweed

Valvet leaf

Poison ivy

Common Figwort

Honesty

Red Shank

Hedge woundwort

Garlic Mustard

Japanese Knotweed

Russian Comfrey 

Green Alkanet

Dame’s Violet

Chickweed

Lamb’s quarters

Broad-leaved dock

Hedge Bind Weed

Nettle

Dandelions

 

COMMON BURDOCK – ARCTIUM MINUS

 

Alternative Names

Lesser burdock, little burdock, louse bur, button-bur, cuckoo button, and wild rhubarb are some of its other names.

Habitat

It necessitates the presence of fertile terrain. Meadows, grasslands, and roadside areas are all good places to look.

Type

Biennial

Appearance

With a height of up to 1.8 meters, the adult plant is bushy and big.

Leaf

The leaves have a dark green tint to them. The lower side of the leaves has a fuzzy texture and is pale green.

Leaves are produced in rosettes. 

Large heart-shaped leaves are produced in the first year. They range in length from 6 to 18 inches.

The second-year leaves are round and modest in size. They’re only about 9 inches long.

The second-year rosette produces a 2 to 5-foot long flower stalk. It has alternating leaves that look like second-year leaves. They are, nevertheless, tiny in size.

Flower

The color of the flowers ranges from pink to purple.

Spine hooks can be found on the flower head. The flower head measures 2cm in diameter.

On the flower head, there are petals.

When the petals are dried, these hooks become stuck to humans and animals. Seeds are moved from one location to another in this manner.

Root

It has a substantial taproot. The taproot of this plant can reach a depth of 30 cm in the ground.

Blooming Season

July to October

Reproduction 

Common burdock reproduces through seeds. It produces seeds in the second year of its life cycle.

 One flower head contains about 30-40 seeds. One plant can produce up to 15,000 seeds in two years. 

Seeds can live dormant for 1 to 3 years in the soil. Seeds need a relatively cold climate before germination.

How to Eradicate

Burdock is easy to manage because it only produces seeds every two years.

It’s a good idea to mow before seeding. Common burdock will become extinct if seed production is restricted.

Herbicides are a simple solution for big regions. However, in regions with trees, exercise caution.

 

BROADLEAF PLANTAIN – PLANTAGO MAJOR

Habitat

Compacted and disturbed soil. Grows in lawns and fields.

Type

Perennial

Appearance

It is an herbaceous plant having a leaf rosette of 15 to 30cm (6-12 inches). Height can be up to 12 cm.

Leaf

The leaves are oval and green in color. The leaves are large. Their length varies between 5 to 20cm and their width varies between 4 to 9cm. Sometimes length goes up to 30cm and width up to 17cm.

Leaves have a long petiole ( the stalk which attaches the leaf to the stem). They have 5 to 9 visible veins.

Usually, leaves are hairless,  sometimes they are sparsely hairy.

Flower

On a lengthy spike, flowers are produced. This spike can be found at the very top of the stem. It can range in length from 5 to 15cm.

Flowers are tiny and greenish-brown in hue. Purple is the color of the stamens.

The flower has four petals, two stamens, and one pistil and is roughly 2-3mm in diameter.

Root

Shallow and fibrous roots

Blooming Season

April to September

Reproduction 

It reproduces by seeds. Seeds are produced in a seedpod. Seedpod is a capsule 3-5 mm long containing 5 to 16 seeds. This seedpod opens from the middle horizontally. 

Oval, triangular, or unevenly angled seeds are common. They range in size from 0.5 to 1mm in length and are orange or black in hue.

How to Eradicate

Because it reproduces through seeds, you can manage it by limiting seed production. Mowing can help prevent seed production, but it isn’t the only option.

Broadleaf plantain has a small height that allows it to withstand mowing. As a result, even if it is mowed, it will generate seeds.

For total eradication, hoeing is the best option. To prevent regrowth, dig the weed deeply and eliminate the roots.

You can use a Corona GT 3244 hoe to dig quickly and deeply. To check the latest pricing click Corona GT 3244 Extended Reach Hoe and Cultivator, White  If broadleaf plantain has spread to a large extent, chemical management may be necessary.

 

POKE WEED – PHYTO LACCA AMERICANA

Alternative names

Pokeberry, Poke, American pokeweed, Poke sallet, dragon berries, inkberry

Type 

Perennial

Habitat

Wet or sandy areas

Appearance

It is a herbaceous plant. The plant is 4 to 10 feet long. Stems are red or purplish in color.

Leaf

Simple green leaves. Leaf can be up to 16 inches long. They have an unpleasant odor. 

Flower

Green to a white flower that turns into berries. The flower is up to 0.2 inches wide. 

Root

Long white taproot. It grows horizontally.

Blooming Season

May to October

Reproduction 

Berries have seeds in them. A single plant can yield up to 48,000 seeds, which can remain dormant in the soil for up to 40 years. As a result, you can imagine the weed’s efficiency and tolerance spreading.

Seeds are dispersed by birds. Humans are poisoned by berries, while birds are not. Birds eat fruit and transport seeds across long distances.

How to Eradicate

Preventing the production of seeds will greatly aid in the control of pokeweed. Sowing will be suppressed if you mow before seeding.

Before seed distribution, simply cut and dispose of the fruit that has been formed.

Usually, digging and pulling the weed does not yield the desired effects. Because of its extensive root system. Despite taking some of the plant’s roots from the earth, the plant regenerates.

Chemical application is required for total eradication.

Glyphosate (Roundup) is a highly effective herbicide. When the plant is at its most vigorous, spray it with glyphosate. It will diffuse into the roots, destroying the weed completely. It’s available for purchase on the internet. For the best product and  latest pricing click Roundup Concentrate Plus Weed and Grass Killer 

Dicamba and 2,4-D WEED KILLERare also effective.

 

VELVETLEAF- ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI

Alternative names 

Butter print, China jute

Type

Annual

Habitat

Gardens, disturbed  land, roadsides, railway tracts

Appearance

It is a tall plant with distinct large leaves. Length can be up 8 feet but the usual length is 2 to 4 feet.

Leaf

Leaves are large and soft having small hairs that give velvety look. The leaves are heart-shaped.

Flower

Orange-yellow flower. 0.5 to 1 inch in diameter having 5 petals. 

Root

Taproot and fibrous root

Blooming Season

Midsummer

Reproduction 

It reproduces by seed. Seeds germinate in warm soil. Seeds are greyish brown in color. About 5 to 15 seeds are present in the single seed pod. One plant can produce 700 to 17000 seeds. The viability of seeds is amazing long. Seeds are viable for up to 50 years.

So on deep tilling, buried seeds will come up and produce new plants.

How to Eradicate

It is a strong competitor of nutrients. So it must be controlled at the start. 

For the young plants hoeing is successful. Once the plant is established it will be difficult to completely remove the roots. 

Flaming at an early stage is also effective. Solarizing is not practical for velvetleaf. Its seed can tolerate up to 70 so solarizing and moisture will enhance seeds germination.

Mulching is also not so effective.

For strong and dense plants herbicide will work. Pre-emergent herbicides will suppress germination. As the germination period of velvetleaf is long so large amount of pre-emergent herbicide should be applied. Effective pre-emergent herbicides are Atrazine and Bladex. For recent pricing click Atrazine Weed Killer

Post-emergent herbicides should be applied to young plants. Adult plants have velvet leaves that resist herbicide absorption. Round up, Banvel and Basagran are effective herbicides. To view the highest rating products click Roundup, Basagran

 

POISON IVY- TOXICODENDRON RADICANS

Habitat

Wooded and marshy areas

Appearance

It usually grows in the form of shrubs or vines climbed on the trees, plants, and poles. Plant sap has sticky oil called urushiol. This oil causes itching and blisters on the skin. So take great care while brushing it.

Leaf

It has dark green, shiny leaves with three leaflets. Leaflets are oval or elliptic with smooth, lobed, or toothed margins. Leaves are present on the stem alternatively. Usually, the leaf size is 12cm. Leaves change color with time. At the start of spring, they are reddish, in the summer green, and turn into bright orange or yellow in the fall time.

Flower

Small greenish flowers are in the form of clusters. These flowers turn into white berries.

Root

Fibrous roots

Blooming Season

May to July

Reproduction 

Poison ivy reproduces through seeds.

How to Eradicate

It is tough to control as it climbs the plants and trees. To get rid of poison ivy, remove the plant above ground and apply Roundup right away. It will kill the roots by going into them. Weed will not grow back.

 

COMMON FIGWORT- SCROPHULARIA NODOSA

 

Alternative  Names

Knotted figwort, throatwort, woodland figwort

Habitat

Damp woodland and hedgerows

Type

Perennial

Appearance

The plant is herbaceous with a height of up to 80cm. It is identified by its angled or square stem.

Leaf

Leaves are dark green in color, oval pointed, and toothed at the margins. They are in opposite pairs.

Flower

Flowers are in clusters form. Flowers are small in size and blipped(having two lips). 

The upper lip consists of two lobes in red-brown or maroon color. The lower lip consists of three lobes in greenish color.

Root

The tuberous root system has small nodules.

Blooming Season

June to August

HONESTY – LUNARIA ANNUA

Alternative Names

Wednesday weed, Bug woman, Money plant, Penny flower

Habitat

Woodland, Hedge banks, roadsides

Type

Biennial

Appearance

The plant is 2-3 feet tall and has large heart-shaped leaves and white or purple flowers.

Leaf

Leaves of the first season are heart-shaped, large in size, Toothed at margins, and have a large stalk. They are present on the lower stems in opposite pairs. 

Leaves of the second season are attached to the flowering stem at stem junctions. They are small in size and stalkless. 

Root

The roots are not so deep. It can be easily uprooted. If the growth point of roots is removed they cannot re-emerge.

Flower

Purple flower with four petals. Sometimes flowers are white in color. 

Blooming Season

April to June

Reproduction

Seeds are produced in the transparent moon-shaped seed pod. Due to these transparent seed pods, it is named honesty.

How to Eradicate

Pull the plants before the seeding season. Once the roots are removed, the weed cannot regrow.

 

RED SHANK – PERSICARIA MACULOSA

Alternative Names

Lady’s thumb, Spotted lady’s thumb, Jesus plant

Habitat

Moist, rich, and acidic soils. It is found along roadsides and river banks.

Type

Annual

Appearance

It is a tall weed (up to 1 meter), having swollen joints at the erect stem.

Leaf

Leaves are narrow, long, stalkless, and alternate.

Flower

A large number of tiny purple flowers on a long spike are produced.

Blooming Season

July to September

How to Eradicate

This plant dislikes basic medium. So by adding lime it can be easily eradicated.

 

HEDGE WOUNDWORT

Alternative Names

Whitespot, Hedge nettle

Habitat

Woodland, Unmanaged grassland, rough ground

Type

Perennial

Appearance 

It is a herbaceous plant having lengths up to 80cm with a hairy, square stem. The plant has an unpleasant smell.

Leaf

Leaves are ovate, hairy, and toothed at the margins. They have long stalk and are present in opposite pairs on the stem. 

Flower

Small purple flowers with white markings are produced on long spikes.

Root

Roots are in the form of slender underground runners.

Blooming Season

July and August

Reproduction

It reproduces by seeds as well as underground rhizomes.

How to Eradicate

For complete eradication, it must be hoed deeply. Use Corona GT 3244 hoe for required results. If underground rhizomes are left in the soil, they will generate new plants.

 

GARLIC MUSTARD

Alternative Names

Garlic root, Hedge garlic, Sauce alone, Jack in the bush, Penny hedge, Poor man’s mustard

Habitat

Forest edges, understory of forests

Type

Biennial

Appearance

The long plant (about 30 to 100cm) has white flowers at the top of the stem. The plant gives a garlic-like odor.

Leaf

In the first year of plant life, it produces kidney-shaped dark green leaves with scalloped edges.

In the second year, the plant produces a long stem. Triangular, toothed leaves 10 -15cm long and 5-9cm broad are present on the stem alternatively.

Flower

Clusters of tiny white flowers on long flower stems.  Flowers are cross-shaped with four petals (4-8mm long and 2-3mm broad).

Root

Deep, thin taproot that is whitish in color and has a horseradish-like odor.

Blooming Season

Spring

Reproduction

Seeds are produced in the second year. One plant is able to produce hundreds of seeds.

How to Eradicate

Mowing before flowering will prevent the seeding process So this will not spread. 

 

JAPANESE KNOTWEED-REYNOUTRIA JAPONICA

It is declared the world’s worst invasive species by the World conservation union.

Alternative Names 

Asian knotweed, fleece flower, Himalayan fleece vine, billy weed, monkey weed, monkey fungus, elephant ears, pea shooters, donkey rhubarb, American bamboo, and Mexican bamboo.

Habitat

Roadsides, waste places

Type

Perennial

Appearance

It is bamboo-like in look having raised nodes on hollow stems. If it is mowed regularly then the stem is not hollow.

Leaf

Leaves are oval and broad having a length of 7-14cm and a width of 5-12cm. They have margins along the whole length.

Young leaves are red in color, which turns green with red veins on growth. 

Leaves are produced at the stem nodes.

Flower

Cream color or white flowers are produced in 5-12cm long racemes.(Small flowers attached to the stem by short stalks at an equal distance making a cluster)

Root

Strong root system. Rhizomes grow 3 meters deep and 7 meters horizontally. So it is very difficult to pull its roots completely. 

Blooming Season

Late summer and early autumn

Reproduction

It produces new plants from roots. Roots are strong and deep. New plant sprouts from any leftover root. So it is very difficult to control it. That’s why it is the world’s worst weed.

How to Eradicate 

Japanese knotweed is extremely hard to control. After controlling for several years plant gets weakened. 

The best way is to dig the soil deeply to remove roots and then add herbicide to kill any leftover roots. 

Glysophate (roundup)  and imazapyr are effective. For recent pricing click Roundup,

 

RUSSIAN COMFREY

Habitat

Well watered places usually gardens, riverbanks, and coastlines

Type

Perennial

Appearance

The plant is 50-200cm long with a hairy stem.

Leaf

Leaves are oval, round at the base, hairy, having entire margins. They are stalked and alternate. 

Flower

Bell-shaped flowers in red, purple, blue, or sometimes white color.  5 lobed, 12-18mm long petals are usually pointed at tips. Sometimes they are round. 

Distinct flower shape and size distinguish Russian comfrey from other comfrey species.

Root

Fleshy roots that go up to 2m deep in the soil. Through these deep roots, comfrey collects nutrients from deep soil that other plants cannot get.

These minerals and nutrients are stored in all parts of the plant. Due to this mineral bank, it is used as natural fertilizer and mulch.

Blooming Season

June to August 

Reproduction

It reproduces through roots. It does not make seeds.

How to Eradicate

Russian comfrey is not a hard target. It needs a lot of moisture. So by reducing the water supply you can easily kill this weed.

It regrows from its roots. So if you pull the plant with roots it will not grow again. But be careful, if any part of the root is left new plant will produce.

If the root is broken in several places then it will produce a number of plants.

 

GREEN ALKANET

Habitat

Damp shady gardens

Type

Perennial

Appearance

It has a hairy stem up to 80cm long and beautiful blue flowers.

Leaf

Leaves are broad and oval, rounded at the base and pointed at the tip.

Flower

8-10mm beautiful blue flowers having a white center. Flower buds are pink in color.

Root

It has a deep taproot that generates new plants.

Blooming Season

April to June

Reproduction

It reproduces by seeds. The plant also regenerates from roots. Roots give rise to colonies near the old plant.

How to Eradicate

Green alkanet is really a problem. It reproduces both by seeds and roots. So its control demands great attention and activity.

Put an eye on the garden and hand weed any seedling. 

 

GIANT HOGWEED

Alternative Names

Cartwheel-flower, Giant cow parsley, Giant cow parsnip, Hogsbane, Wild parsnip

Habitat

Wet areas and waste ground

Type

Biennial or perennial

Appearance

As the name indicates this is an extremely large weed. Leaves are of giant size ie up to 5 feet wide. Plant height can be 14feet or more. The stem is hairy. It can be 2-4 inches in diameter and have reddish-purple patches.

Leaf

Leaves are compound and up to 5 feet wide. The size of the leaves is a clear identity of this weed. 

Flower

Flowers are produced in clusters. White clusters of flowers are about 2.5 feet in diameter.

Blooming Season

Between June and July

Reproduction

The plant reproduces through seeds. It takes several years to flower and seed. In the first year, the plant germinates from seed and grows. It dies in the winter.

In the next spring, the plant regrows from roots which again dries in winter and regrows in spring. After 3-5 years of this cycle, the plant produces flowers and then seeds. One plant produces up to 20,000 seeds. 

Once seeds are produced, the plant completely dies leaving dried stem and seed heads. 

New plants sprout from seeds in cold moist conditions. Seeds can remain dormant for up to 5 years. 

 How to Eradicate

Giant hogweed is extremely difficult to eradicate. It re-emerges from its roots every year, even though it seeds in 3-5 years or more depending on conditions.

A sap is released when brushing giant hogweed. This sap, when combined with sunlight, causes severe skin burns. As a result, its management necessitates a professional approach.

Herbicide is the best technique to control it for homeowners and small gardeners. It is risk-free.

On enormous hogweed, glyphosate is effective. It is most effective during the growth season. As a result, spray it once the leaves have grown.

The leaves and shoots are killed by glyphosate. It loses its effectiveness when it comes into contact with soil. As a result, new plants will sprout from the leaves next year.

Herbicide treatment for several consecutive years will completely eradicate it.

 

DAME’S VIOLET

Alternative Names

Dame’s rocket, damask-violet, dame’s-violet,dames-wort, dame’s gilliflower, night-scented gilliflower, queen’s gilliflower, rogue’s gilliflower, summer lilac, sweet rocket, mother-of-the-evening, Good & Plenties, and winter gilliflower are some of its other common names.

Habitat

Moist and partially shaded places. Usually found on river banks, roadsides, and hedgerows.

Type

Biennial 

Appearance

The plant has multiple hairy stems that can reach a height of 100cm or more. 

Leaf

Leaves are hairy on the upper and lower sides. They are produced in the form of mounds.

Flower

White, pink, and purple lavender flowers are produced in large racemes. Purple is the most common flower color. 

Blooming Season

May to August

Reproduction

It reproduces through seeds. 

How to Eradicate

If the soil is moist and soft you can easily pull the weed by hand. Or you can take help with a shovel or spade to dig the soil. Deep digging and pulling will destroy the weed. If you don’t have a shovel Bond Mini D handle shovel is a good option. It is easy to use and durable. For current pricing click Bond LH015 Mini D Handle Shovel

If hand weeding is impractical use herbicide. Glyphosate (roundup) is non-selective and works nicely on Dame’s violet. The perfect time for herbicide spray is early spring or mid or late summer. 

CHICKWEED – STELLARIA MEDIA 

 Chickweed is also known as chickenwort, craches, maruns, and winterweed.

Habitat

Gardens, fields waste places, and disturbed grounds

Type

Its reproduction mode depends on climate. In colder zones, it is annual while in warmer areas it is evergreen or perennial.

Appearance

 Its stem has a white line of hairs

Leaf

Leaves of chickweed are dark green in color and can be smooth or slightly hairy.

Flower

Chickweed is recognized for its white delicate flower. Apparently, the flower has 10 petals but actually, they are 5 with deep lobes.

Root

Fibrous or shallow roots

Blooming Season

February to November.

Reproduction

Chickweed reproduces through seeds. It regrows from stem nodes on moist soil.

How to Eradicate

Chickweed is easy to control because it is unable to cope with close mowing. Solarization and mulching are also successful for chickweed. 

Cover the weed area with transparent plastic for solarization. Increased temperature due to sunlight will kill the weeds. Late summer is the best time for mulching. It will not only damage the current weeds, but it will also inhibit the growth of weeds in the following season.

For the mulching purpose, you can use organic mulch like wood chips or synthetic mulch like landscape fabric or black plastic. The mulch layer will act as a barrier between light, air, and weeds. It will result in the killing of the present plant and stopping the germination of seeds.

Chickweed seeds germinate in the upper layer of soil. So by digging and turning soil layers germination can be suppressed.

Hand weeding is also effective. Optimum conditions are dry soil and young plants. If plants are grown up they will re-root from any leftover roots.

Chickweed likes neutral or basic soil. It can not tolerate low pH or acidic soil. To avoid the addition of nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen will make soil basic and hence encourage chickweed growth.

Chickweed not only attracts spider mites and greenflies but it is the food of larvae of moths, cutworms, and North American butterflies. These insects can ruin the garden as they are pests.

LAMBSQUARTERS- CHENOPODIUM ALBUM

Lambsquarters (chenopodium album) has a long list of common names like fat hen, goosefoot, pigweed, bacon weed, dirty Dick, Muck Hill weed, etc.

Habitat

Every type of soil, disturbed land

Type

Annual 

Appearance

The adult plant can be up to 4 feet in length and 18 inches in width.

Leaf

Bluish-green leaves with greyish inside make its identification easy. Young leaves have powdery look. This powder is visible on the underside of mature leaves. 

Flower

Small flowers with 5 petals are produced in inflorescence.

Blooming Season

May to November

Reproduction

It produces countless seeds every year.

How to Eradicate

To combat lambsquarters, it must be pulled out before seeding. If seeding starts once, get ready to face several generations.

Although Lambsqurters is a weed for gardens in Uk, it is a meal for foragers. 

Lambsquarters is a rich source of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, C, and many other minerals. It is cultivated as a crop in some countries like India and Pakistan.

Caution: Lambsquarters must be removed quickly as it is home to many viral diseases. So it can spread these diseases on lawns. 

 

 BROAD-LEAVED DOCK – RUMEX OBTUSIFOLIUS

Habitat

This weed can grow in a wide range of soils. It grows in patches

Type

Perennial

Appearance

It is a common large leaf weed with a height of 40 -150 cm.

Leaf

Its leaves are green,  oval-shaped, and large. Leaves have rounded tips and wavy edges. They may have red stems. They may be 30cm long and 15cm wide. 

Flower

Flowers are green or white in color and small in size. After pollination flowers turn brown.

Root

Long taproot with branches. It can grow up to 150 cm in the soil.

Blooming Season

Between May and October.

Reproduction

Broad-leaved dock mainly reproduces by seed.

How to Eradicate

A Broad-leaved dock is difficult to control due to its extremely deep taproot and adaptability.

Hand weeding will be effective when the plants are young. Dig the soil thoroughly to completely remove the roots. 

If weed is established then use herbicide to manage it.

Caution: This weed is somewhat poisonous. It can cause illness in grazing animals. Its milky sap can cause milk dermatitis. 

 

HEDGE BINDWEED – CALYSTEGIA SEPIUM

Alternative Names

 Morning glory.

Habitat

Riverbanks and woodlands are their common habitats. 

Type

Perennial 

Appearance

It is a commonly found large leaf weed.  It twists around trees, plants, and fences like a vine. 

Leaf

Large leaves are 2.5-5 inches in length and 1-2inches in width. The leaves are dark green and almost arrowhead-shaped. 

Flower

Its trumpet-shaped white flowers are its identity. These flowers grow from stems.

Root

Fleshy fibrous roots that can go up to 10feet deep in the soil.

Blooming Season

 Between June and September.

Reproduction

It reproduces through seeds and creeping rhizomes.

How to Eradicate

As it climbs on trees and other plants, Its control is extremely difficult. It is declared a noxious weed in some states.

To manage it, hand weed it at early stages. As soon as you see morning glory in your garden pull it and discard stems and roots carefully. If any part is left it will develop roots and regrow.

NETTLE –URTICA DIOICA

Habitat

Moist and fertile soil.

Type

Perennial

Appearance

Nettle is a large leaf garden weed with hairy leaves and stems. These hairs contain histamine that produces a stinging sensation in humans, that’s why it is called stinging nettle. The adult plant can be 2 to 4 meters tall.

Leaf

This weed is also known as stinging nettle as its oval-shaped leaves have teeth lining at edges.

Flower

Greenish or brownish flowers are produced in inflorescence.

Root

Strong roots with rhizomes and stolons.

Reproduction

Mainly reproduces vegetatively through rhizomes.

How to Eradicate

It is a garden weed and a medicinal herb. It is commonly used for diabetes cures as it increases urination.

Nettle weed grows rapidly and destroys the fine look of the garden.

To eradicate Nettle it must be removed with roots. Complete removal of roots will destroy it.

Drying the soil is also effective as it demands moist soil.

DANDELIONS – TARAXACUM OFFICINALE

g

Habitat

Gardens, waste places

Type

 perennial

Appearance

The plant has a rough look with a rosette of large leaves and long flower stems. Usually present in the form of colonies

Leaf

Its leaves are dark green in color, long and fleshy. Leaves have long teeth.

Flower

Its identity is yellow blooms and fluffy white flowers. A large number of small flowers are present in a flower head

Root

Close up of dandelion roots

Its long taproot can anchor up to 10 inches in the soil. That’s why it is hard to pull it.

Blooming Season

 March to November

Reproduction

Dandelion reproduces through seeds. Its seeds spread through the air and adapted to travel long distances. Seeds germinate throughout the year. 

How to Eradicate

Preventing seed formation will help in dandelion management. Once seeds are produced, their spread is uncontrollable. 

The best way is to hoe it, removing the deep taproot. 

Don’t leave bare patches in the garden. The dense population of ornamental plants will automatically suppress dandelion growth.

 

 

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